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The beautiful orchid takes pride of place among the many indoor plants. Exot, with proper care, pleases its owners with abundant and long flowering.
However, the life cycle of a pet is not eternal. And one day, before each orchid grower, the question arises about the reproduction of a favorite flower. It tells how you can propagate an orchid by shoots, what to do if the child does not have roots, and also about the further care of a young plant.
What it is?
Sometimes, an orchid has small-sized shoots. These are the babies of the plant. They grow and develop for about six months, first forming leaves, and then roots. After the roots reach 4-5 cm, the children are separated from the mother plant and planted in an individual pot.
What does it look like?
In the first days after the appearance, the baby is difficult to distinguish from the orchid shoot.
But, as it grows its own leaves, roots and stem, it turns into an independent plant and resembles a miniature mother copy. Thus, the baby looks the same as an adult plant, only small and still dependent on the mother.
Where to get it: on what parts of the plant is it formed?
The baby can form in several parts of the plant:
- on the peduncle;
- in the leaf sinuses;
- on aerial roots;
- on the trunk.
- On the peduncle, the baby emerges from a dormant bud, initially resembling the shoot of a future flower.
- On the trunk of the exotic, babies appear if the mother plant completes its life cycle.
- Often a daughter plant appears on aerial roots, in order to make sure of its appearance, it is necessary to carefully remove the top layer of the substrate and examine the roots.
When is she ready to be deposited from her mother?
It is not difficult to determine this moment: carefully examine the young plant. The presence of well-developed leaves and root system in it is a signal for jigging from the mother-orchid.
Separation of the baby is possible when it has at least 4 developed leaves and 3-5 roots of at least 4-5 cm.
What if the scion has no roots?
This happens in two cases:
- the stem baby simply does not have roots;
- the roots of the daughter plant develop poorly or do not grow at all, if the mother plant is not properly cared for.
In the case of a basal baby, the future flower cannot be helped to grow roots. The rest of the offspring of the orchid can be stimulated to grow the root system.
There are two of the most popular root extension methods for orchid babies.
Growing in a greenhouse
You will need:
- plastic transparent cup;
- 1.5 liter plastic bottle, always transparent;
- drainage (expanded clay, coarse sand or fine gravel);
- sphagnum moss.
- Pour a little drainage into a glass, put a small layer of sphagnum on top, moisten well.
- Position the baby so that its root base does not reach the moss 2-3 mm. The big baby will hold on to its leaves, and the small one must be fixed with a thread.
- Cover the glass with the appendix with a bottle, creating a greenhouse.
The greenhouse must be ventilated daily and made sure that the moss does not dry out.
Using this method, you can grow roots in a couple of months.
Video on how to accelerate the growth of the roots of a baby on a peduncle using a greenhouse:
Extension of roots on foam
- For this method, cut a hole in a piece of polystyrene so that the baby can be placed in it.
- The daughter plant is strengthened so that the root growth point is 2-3 mm in the depression.
- The resulting structure is immersed in a glass or jar of water.
As the water evaporates, the baby will sink lower, the main thing is not to allow the moisture to dry out.
This method is used if the room is light enough, the constant temperature is not lower than 26 degrees and there are no drafts. And, it is necessary to exclude direct sun exposure to the orchid baby.
For the fastest regrowth of roots, it is recommended to use growth stimulants, for example, "Kornevin".
Step-by-step instructions for the correct planting of the appendix
Before transplanting a child, all the necessary tools must be prepared in advance, namely:
- garden shears or pruning shears;
- Pruning shears or garden shears, before separating the baby from the mother plant, must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected with alcohol, or held in a bleach solution. The easiest way is to boil it. This will avoid contamination of the orchid with possible infections.
- To prevent unnecessary injury to the flower, the tool must be sharpened and screwed tightly.
Some orchid sap is poisonous and can cause burns. Protect your hands with gloves when handling.
Substrate and pot
They are also prepared in advance. The substrate can be used ready-made, purchased at any specialized store. Or you can cook it yourself. To do this, you need to mix sphagnum moss, charcoal and pine bark in equal proportions. It is advisable to boil the bark first.
Fragments of purchased or self-prepared substrate should be small, no more than one centimeter.
For transplanting orchid offspring, small containers will be required. These can be either special pots bought at a flower shop, or any plastic utensils of a suitable size. The main condition is that the container must be transparent and have drainage holes for air access to the roots.
Determination of the cut point from the mother plant
To determine the location of the cut of the baby, it must be remembered that when carrying out the separation, it is necessary to capture a part of the mother plant.
How to separate?
- A baby growing on a flower shoot is cut off together with a small piece of peduncle, about 1-3 cm. The separation is carried out when the leaf and root systems of a young plant are fully formed.
- For the correct separation of a daughter plant that has grown from the leaf axils, it is necessary to grab 10-15 mm of mother tissue with scissors. Slices must be treated with an antiseptic.
- If the shoot has formed on aerial roots, it is necessary to cut it off along with a piece of the parent root. To do this, first, part of the substrate is removed, the presence of developed roots in the offspring is determined and a cut is made 1-1.5 cm from the base of the appendix. The procedure is carried out extremely carefully so as not to damage the delicate roots of both plants.
- Stem babies most often do not have their own roots, feeding on the mother-orchid. If you cut off such a process, it will most likely die. Therefore, such layers are allowed to grow with the mother flower.
Cutting site processing
The separated children are left for half an hour to dry out the cut sites. Then they are treated with an antiseptic. This could be:
- crushed activated carbon;
- cinnamon powder;
- brilliant green.
Placement in the substrate
Cut and processed babies are ready for transplantation. This should be done as follows:
- Pour a small layer of drainage on the bottom of the prepared container.
- Lay a damp layer of substrate.
- Place the baby in the container so that the root collar is flush with the edge of the container.
- Gently, without harming the roots, add the substrate, completely closing the roots.
The soil should be moist, but not soggy.
Video on how to plant an orchid baby:
After being placed in a substrate, a young plant needs 2-3 days to recover after transplanting and allow it to take root. Therefore, the first watering is carried out after this time.
Young plants that are not yet strong require special care:
- The main thing is to prevent the soil mixture from drying out or waterlogging. After the first watering, moistening is done regularly, as the substrate dries, about once a week.
- In the first year of growth, orchids are recommended to be kept in a greenhouse or just under a plastic bag. This will create the necessary temperature and humidity for development.
- The young plant must be protected from direct sunlight, while providing the orchid with good lighting.
- The first feeding can be done a month after planting the flower, in small quantities.
- Over time, when the roots of the young exotic plant fill the container, it can be planted in a new pot in a permanent place.
Reproduction of orchids at home is a long, rather complicated, but exciting process. Of course, it is easier to buy an already mature flowering plant. But watching the growing exotic and admiring, in the future, unique flowers grown personally is a unique pleasure. And our advice will help you with that.