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Orchid is one of the most popular home-grown plants. She is loved by flower growers for its beautiful and exotic look, at the time of flowering.
It is expensive to buy an adult plant in bloom, but many people want to get it. In this case, you can save on the purchase if you grow several orchid seedlings from seeds yourself, doing it in a flask.
What it is?
Flaska is a vessel that has a different shape (flask, jar) and size (capacity for 2-5 plants or up to 120 seedlings). They are made of glass or plastic. The main condition is the transparency of the walls and tightness.
In a closed vessel, a certain microclimate is created and the impact of the external environment is minimized, but through the transparent walls the seedlings receive the necessary light, and we can observe the process of ripening of orchid babies. In the flask, they go through several stages of development - from sowing seeds to the complete formation of a plant, ready to lead an independent life in a pot.
Where to buy a flower in a flask: cost in Moscow and St. Petersburg
A cone with the desired flower can be obtained in several ways:
- Ask friends who have visited Thailand or other Asian countries to bring you a copy of an orchid.
- Order directly from a large orchid breeder. There are special farms for forcing flasked orchids. Delivery is usually carried out by mail or courier service.
- Internet platforms or special forums for flower growers. Participants form a collective order for the purchase of a certain variety of orchids. Most often, the order comes from abroad.
The price of flasks directly depends on the number of seedlings and orchid varieties in it. If we compare Moscow and St. Petersburg, then in Moscow, a flask with 5 seedlings will cost about 2500 TR, and in St. Petersburg it will be more expensive.
Pros and cons of such a purchase for growing
- Benefit... This is ideal for those who want to get their favorite plant inexpensively. Leaving yourself the required number of orchid seedlings, the remaining copies can be easily sold or donated.
- Saving... Buying a flask with orchid seedlings will be cheaper than buying an adult plant right away.
- Possibility of obtaining several types of orchids in one flask. Different varieties of plants are found in large flaxies, where the number of seedlings varies from 50 to 120. In a mini-flask there is a maximum of 2 varieties.
- Long waiting period for flowering. Flowers for orchids will not appear soon. It depends on the species. Phalaenopsis will bloom most quickly. It will delight you with its blooming appearance for 2-4 years of maintenance. Cattleya - for 5-7 years of life, and the flowering of the "Lady's shoe" can be expected for 10 years.
- Not all orchid species are suitable for flask cultivation. They take root best of all, developing into an adult plant that blooms annually - phalaenopsis, dendro-phalaenopsis, cattleya, vandas.
When should you transplant?
A transplant is required. At the moment you receive the flask in your hands, looking at it from all sides, you will decide when to open it and transplant it. Two options for the development of events:
- Planned... When the plants in the flask become cramped and the sprouts occupy the entire inner space of the flask, you need to start preparing for planting.
- Extra... Transplant seedlings immediately if the integrity of the jar is broken, the gel has moved and ended up on the leaves, mold has appeared, the leaves have turned yellow or covered with dark spots.
At the slightest change in the state of the gel, it is necessary to immediately plant the babies. Delay threatens death.
Step-by-step instructions for transplanting from a flask to a pot
Before a planned transplant, it is recommended to adapt the seedlings to the external environment. The process is possible if the development of plants in the flask is proceeding normally. The nourishing gel is evenly below, and healthy and green shoots grow quietly from it.
Begin gradually accustoming the seedlings to the new living conditions. At the beginning, open the lid for a couple of minutes, letting air into the flask, gradually increasing the ventilation time from five minutes to several hours. Observe the reaction of pets to changing circumstances, and if mold appears, plant it.
- First of all, we open the jar, separate the children, straighten the roots and wash off the gel. If mold is found, washed seedlings should be additionally held for 10-15 minutes in a fluconazole solution (150 grams per liter of water). It is an antifungal drug that is sold over the counter.
- After washing, drying follows. Pets laid out on a napkin dry for several hours. It is necessary to blot the growth points and sinuses with a napkin so that not a drop of moisture remains.
- Transfer. In pre-prepared, small containers, one at a time, we place all the seedlings. Each in his own house. Place the foam on the bottom of the cups, then wet moss and another small piece of foam. We plant a sprout on it, straighten the roots and cover with another layer of moss.
Video on how to transplant an orchid from a flaska into a pot:
The first step is to keep the plants in this comfortable environment for as long as possible, since this is the key to their healthy longevity.
Hang the flask close to the lamp or place it under it. She needs 14 hours of light and a temperature of 20-22 degrees. You can use the western or eastern windowsill, but illuminate with a lamp until the required number of hours.
- Place each sprout in its own cup and place them all in one clear plastic tray or cake box.
- Observe the optimal temperature regime - 22-25 degrees. Backlight with fluorescent lamps. It should be light about 14 hours a day.
- Spray the air around the babies regularly 3 times. They need high humidity.
- Water as the soil dries. The first watering is carried out 4-5 days after transplantation. Use a syringe to water, making sure that no water gets into the sinuses and growth point of the orchid.
- You can start feeding the plant when it starts to grow, around the end of the first month. Once every two weeks, we give fertilizing with fertilizers for decorative flowers, with a predominance of nitrogen (needed for growth) and half the dose (following the instructions on the package) a solution of succinic acid.
Possible problems and difficulties
The main difficulty lies in transplanting seedlings from the flask. This must be done very carefully, since the roots of the children are thin and fragile. To increase the survival rate in babies, create conditions for them close to those in the flask.
They will be able to grow the root system faster if they build a greenhouse for young plants. Cover the container with sprouts with glass or a transparent vessel. Maintain constant humidity inside, remember to ventilate.
The method of growing orchid children in a flask gives everyone the opportunity to grow this wonderful flower on their own, increasing the chances several times.
Following simple recommendations, observe green babies, adapt and transplant on time, and then, provide proper care, and an exotic orchid will take pride of place in your home and heart.