How can orchids be moisturized? Irrigation methods and major irrigation mistakes

How can orchids be moisturized? Irrigation methods and major irrigation mistakes

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The orchid is a popular indoor plant, with unusual varieties found in nurseries and garden centers.

Plants in the room require special watering that mimics the natural environment. In this article, we will learn how not to destroy an orchid and ensure quality access to water, as well as how to save a waterlogged plant.

Basic methods of moisturizing

The orchid is demanding on its irrigation, the liquid for irrigation is thoroughly saturated with oxygen, pouring it from one dish to another. A flower can be irrigated in six ways:

  1. Warm shower: promotes an increase in green mass and improves the quality of flowering (we talked about watering orchids during flowering here). Rinsing the leaves protects the flower from pests and diseases.
  2. Top down: The roots of the plant are exposed to a large amount of liquid. The leaves are pushed aside, and water is poured onto the surface of the soil until a small accumulation of liquid forms on the saucer.
  3. Through the bottom of a flower pot (pallet): liquid for a plant with a root system is supplied from the bottom. A pot is placed in a basin of water for 20-30 minutes, after which its excess is removed.
  4. Immersion: The whole container is placed in a sink with liquid for an hour so that the plant absorbs the necessary part.
  5. Root spraying: watering takes place using a spray bottle, which is sprayed on the roots of the flower.
  6. Irrigation of orchids with ice: reduces the likelihood of excess or lack of moisture in the soil.

    As the ice cubes melt, they gradually moisturize the ground, which helps the orchid to evenly saturate with the necessary liquid. Try to avoid direct contact of ice on the roots, crown and leaves of the orchid.

You can find the secrets of moisturizing an orchid at home here, and you can learn about watering your home and outdoor orchid here.

How to choose the right way?

One mistake that budding gardeners often make is over-watering orchids. The flower needs a small amount of liquid for full flowering.and oversupply causes root rot and other diseases. Factors that determine which way a flower should be watered:

  1. Plant substrate: depends on the amount of liquid he is willing to hold. Pine bark retains liquid for a long time, charcoal or clay pellets have less effect.
  2. Type of plant: Explore the nuances of the flower you are planting. Each of the subspecies of orchids requires special care.
  3. Temperature: the higher the temperature, the greater the need for fluid.
  4. Humidity: related to which substrate you are using. The higher the humidity of the environment, the less the need for irrigation. To increase the humidity, a separate tray with water and pebbles is used, in which a pot with a flower is placed (moistening an orchid in a pot at home is described in detail here).
  5. Air flow: the flower loves fresh air. By increasing the air flow, increase the watering of the plant, as the air can dry out the leaves and roots of the orchid.

Monitor the quality of the liquid while watering, tap water contains a large amount of salts that can seriously harm the plant. Purify water before irrigation.

AttentionOrchids do not like it when the roots are in the water for a long time. It is better to underfill than overflow.

How to water?

An excess of moisture in the soil and an increased humidity of the environment are destructive for a flower. Experienced gardeners resort to irrigation as the soil dries, about twice a week. It is important to know not only the amount of irrigation of a plant in an open and closed root system, but also how to properly water a flower:

  • Step-by-step instructions for watering by immersion:
    1. Most of the flowers are in a transparent container with substrate, which is placed in a separate bowl or bucket of water. Using purified or freshly boiled (chilled) water, the orchid pot is filled with liquid so that its roots are immersed in moisture. Do not flood the entire pot with liquid, fill the roots and leave the plant to absorb moisture.
    2. After 10-15 minutes, the flower is removed from the liquid and allowed to drain off for 5 minutes.
  • Step-by-step instructions for watering in a closed system: Water is poured to the level of the orchid neck and left for 20-30 minutes, after which the excess liquid is drained. A sufficient amount of liquid will remain in the container, which will be absorbed by the orchid.
  • Step-by-step instructions for watering in the bark: filtered warm water is carefully poured onto the surface of the soil until liquid appears on the saucer below. After watering, the liquid in the saucer does not need to be poured out, after a while the plant will absorb the remaining water on its own.

Correct actions during irrigation will save the flower from death. Be careful not to over-water or dry out the soil.

Video on how to water an orchid using the immersion method correctly:

How can you not water the plant?

An orchid is a finicky plant, one small mistake can completely destroy it. What mistakes should be avoided so that the flower does not die:

  • do not pour water on the leaves, the prolonged presence of the liquid on the leaf plate makes it faded and lethargic;
  • you should not water the orchid at night, because of this, moisture stagnates in the growing tips, because of this, bacterial and fungal diseases develop;
  • do not use cold and hard water, this leads to the formation of yellow leaves and the rapid death of the root system;
  • do not use the same water for all flowers when irrigating by immersion, as diseases are transmitted.

If you do everything right, but the plant continues to die, pay attention to the quality of the water. Some plants cannot tolerate chlorinated tap water, while others cannot tolerate soft water. Use clean filtered or rainwater.

About what water to water the flowers with, what else can be used to irrigate the plant, is described in a separate publication.

Eliminating wrong humidification errors

Gardeners face multiple consequences from improper watering... Some of them are easy to fight, while others slowly destroy the plant. Main consequences:

  1. A plant with a decaying center indicates that most of the water has got inside, this happens when using the watering method under the shower. In this case, the orchid cannot be saved.
  2. The early stage fungus can be treated with a fungicide and reduced watering.
  3. Leaves that are in a state of wilting or disease indicate intense moisture or drying out of the soil. When waterlogged, the roots rot, they are cut off from living tissue, the cut site is treated with charcoal. When dry, increase the watering of the flower with warm water by immersion.
  4. Watery spots on the leaves occur when the orchid is abundantly irrigated by immersion. Make sure that the roots of the flower and the substrate have time to dry completely between waterings. In other cases, check if the irrigation process is being carried out correctly.
  5. Poor water quality is indicated by short root ends and a white coating on the substrate. Purify the water thoroughly, use filtration or boiling.

The root system of an orchid is significantly different from other plants.... This suggests that any small mistake can do serious harm. In order to preserve the orchid, watch not only the water poured into the pot, but also the environment in which it is located.

Watch the video: My Sunday Orchid Chat - What Can Go Wrong Probably Will (August 2022).