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The orchid belongs to tropical plants and requires proper care. It needs high humidity, so it is necessary to create and maintain an appropriate microclimate.
For the growth and development of a flower, correct and timely spraying is of no small importance. How and how often this procedure should be carried out and when it is not worth doing it - read on.
What is spraying?
This process is the application of growth regulators or pesticides to the plant by spraying. Spraying can be done with plain water.
The procedure is carried out to protect against diseases, control pests and disinfect plants. It must be carried out from a sprayer or spray bottle.
Do I need to do this?
This plant needs regular irrigation with water. It is necessary to spray the flower according to certain rules so as not to harm it.
It is necessary to irrigate the plant from a spray bottle, directing misty jets of small drops of water upward or perpendicular to the stem of the flower.
Do not leave a wet plant in sunlight. Water droplets can act as lenses and burns the flower.
Excess moisture must be removed with a cotton pad or soft cloth. If liquid accumulation is allowed in the outlet or leaf axils, decay will occur, which will lead to the death of the plant.
When should you refuse?
It is necessary to monitor the temperature regime in the room. In winter, due to heating, it is often too dry and warm, then spraying is necessary. And between seasons, when there is no heating anymore, and the room is cool, less than 20 - 22 degrees, it is forbidden to irrigate the plant itself. During this period, it is better to spray the ground in a pot, without getting jets of water on the flower itself
It is necessary to spray the orchid early in the morning or during the first half of the day. During the flowering period, moisture should not be allowed to enter the flower buds.
Not all orchid varieties need to be sprayed. For Miltonia, it is categorically contraindicated.
How to moisturize?
Warm and soft water is used for regular moisturizing. Better to choose:
- boiled, previously settled.
Sometimes an orchid has to be treated, protected from pests or fertilized:
- Succinic acid. It is harmless, stimulates the growth of greenery, strengthens the immune system of the plant, promotes photosynthesis and the development of the root system. For a noticeable effect, it can be used weekly, the product takes a long time to absorb.
- Intavir, Karbofos. Preparations against pests, protect against green aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, spider mites.
- Topaz. It is used when red or red spots appear on the leaves.
- Mesurol. It is used for slugs and snails.
- Fundazol, Oxycom. Preventive drugs for diseases and pests are used once a week.
- Epin. The tool increases resistance to the external environment, diseases, is used after a flower transplant, frostbite or flooding. For spraying, 1 ml of the drug is diluted with 5 liters of water, you cannot water.
The orchid does not always tolerate chemical exposure easily. When it becomes necessary to treat a flower for pests or diseases, the product is first tested on one sheet.
Spraying with water is enough to moisturize once a day. In too hot time, the procedure is repeated up to 3-4 times a day. By the evening, the leaves of the flower should dry, and after each spraying, you need to rid the orchid of excess stagnant moisture.
In order to prevent and improve growth, it is worth spraying a flower with special means no more than 1 time a week. Treatment of a plant with chemicals is carried out only when necessary.
What part of the plant can be moistened with water?
Spraying should be beneficial to the flower, and for this it is necessary to follow the rules.
- Only greens and aerial roots are irrigated with water, special attention should be paid to the leaves, it is better to spray them on both sides.
- Do not allow moisture to enter the buds during the flowering period.
- You can not irrigate the flower at a temperature of less than 18-20 degrees in the room, in order to prevent hypothermia, the development of rot and mold.
- It is important to remove excess water and make sure that the flower dries up in the evening.
How will spraying affect the flower?
Regular and correct spraying allows the flower to grow and develop faster.
If the orchid receives enough moisture and is contained in a favorable microclimate for it, then the plant:
- blooms regularly and magnificently;
- greens are juicy and bright, foliage grows;
- the root system is developing;
- the flower becomes lush, strong, has a good immune system.
Step by step instructions: how to carry out the work?
Prepare warm water or spray solution. The plant must be placed in the shade.
- The atomizer is set to the foggy haze mode.
- Direct the sprayer slightly upward so that the liquid falls on both sides of the leaf.
- If the plant blooms, then the buds must be protected from water ingress. You can use plastic bags, after carefully putting them on the buds. After the procedure, you need to remove them.
- It is important to sprinkle the entire flower so that the leaves, stems, and aerial roots get enough moisture.
- Finally, you need to remove the accumulation of water from the outlet and the axils of the leaves with a cotton pad, napkin or cotton swabs.
Problems and ways to solve them
Incorrect spraying technology or ignorance of the rules can lead to the following consequences:
- rotting a flower;
- stopping growth;
- the appearance of pests;
- mold formation;
- lack of flowering;
- hypothermia of the plant;
- the appearance of burns.
First, you need to eliminate the cause of the problem. Dry greens or remove the plant from open sunlight, provide the most comfortable conditions.
To restore a flower, it is best to use special products and spray preparations. They will help to avoid the progression of diseases, relieve pests and problems, and ensure plant recovery.
Plant care at home
Besides spraying It is recommended to bathe the orchid once a month under a warm shower for 1-2 minutes. The water pressure should be low. Wipe the leaves dry 10-15 minutes after the procedure.
Water the orchid after the soil in the pot dries up. If condensation is visible on the walls, and the pot is heavy in weight, then watering is not needed yet.
The saturated color of the leaves indicates a sufficient amount of moisture, and the roots are green. If they become dryish and beige-yellow, then the flower does not have enough water. You can regularly carry out feeding and prevention of diseases. This is done by spraying the flower with special preparations.
An orchid needs a sufficient level of humidity - 40% -60%, the temperature should be at least 18 degrees, and preferably 22-25 degrees. In the summertime, the flower needs to be given air baths, taking it out into the street or on the balcony. The plant does not tolerate drafts, so it is worth ventilating carefully, but often. Separately, it is worth paying attention to the sun's rays, the orchid loves diffused light.
With the right approach to content, you can achieve the perfect result. The orchid will grow rapidly, grow stronger and delight with its bright and lush flowering from 8 to 10 months a year.