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Aloe vera, or Aloe Barbadensis Miller, is recognized as a unique plant, because the range of its application is extensive. Due to the content of substances of increased biological value in it, the plant is used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. Its indispensability in everyday life is associated with unpretentiousness in growing and the healing properties of the leaves of the plant.
Aloe vera is often called a "miracle plant" precisely because of the range of its amazing properties. In honor of this evergreen succulent, a special research institute has even been created. However, it is important to make good use of the green healer's abilities. We will deal with the medicinal properties of the flower, as well as with contraindications to its use.
What is aloe vera?
The plant is a succulent with a rosette of leaves on a barely visible stem. The xiphoid leaves have hard spines at the edges, the color of the leaves is green with a small yellow speck. Sometimes the thorns are covered with a white coating. The thickness of the leaves of 1 centimeter is achieved due to the accumulated moisture in it, which in consistency resembles jelly.
The root system of the flower is poorly developed, the collection and accumulation of moisture occurs through the leaves... Among the varieties of the plant there are tree-like species, which in natural conditions can reach more than 4 m in height and 50 cm in diameter. Aloe vera blooms with orange tubular inflorescences, but this occurs only in desert conditions. In the apartment, it is extremely rare to observe its flowering.
The homeland of the plant is the islands of Barbados and Curosao, as well as the west of the Arabian Peninsula. The first mentions of this flower were revealed by George Ebert in 1862 when studying ancient Egyptian papyri dating from 1500 BC. Historical documents not only of the Egyptians, but also of the Romans, Algerians, Greeks, Indians, Arabs and Chinese confirm the use of the medicinal properties of aloe vera not only for medicinal purposes, but also for cosmetic purposes.
Itself Cleopatra was grateful to the sap of the plant for its moisturizing and anti-aging properties.... Early records indicate the use of this green medicine as protection from the sun, wind, cold and fire, pain relief after bruises, cuts, insect bites, and relief from the effects of allergic reactions. The ancient people used succulent not only externally, but also consumed the juice of the plant internally.
The first detailed description of the use of aloe vera preparations was made by the ancient Greek herbalist Dioscorides in the 1st century AD. The document described the plant's help with tissue fusion, digestive disorders, headaches, constipation, hemorrhoids, hair loss, and kidney interruptions. In the 17th century, European colonists of South Africa began to learn about the medicinal properties of the plant. As they moved, they spread the growth of this flower. Aloe was brought to Europe by Alexander the Great. In the 19th century, the medical science of European countries officially confirmed its medicinal properties.
Description and characteristics
Names: what is it called and why?
Translated from Latin, the name of the flower means "true aloe". This can be regarded as the fact that the authenticity of the plant and its healing properties leave no doubt. There are also variations of the name of this flower, such as:
- barbadensis or barbados aloe
- first aid flower
- burning plant
- aloe Lanza
|Description of characteristics||Botanical characteristics of aloe vera|
|Prevalence||Arid regions of southern and tropical Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula, Canary Islands|
The stem of aloe vera is low, in the lower part there are numerous ring-shaped scars from the leaves, which have already fallen off or have been cut off. Side shoots develop from the base of the stem, which can be used for vegetative propagation. Juicy, fleshy, leaves converge at the top of the stem and form a rosette. The edges of the leaf are serrated. The leaf is covered with a gray-white wax coating, which protects the plant from moisture evaporation.
Young leaves are sometimes covered with small spots of light yellow color, but over time they disappear. When kept in direct sunlight, the edges of the leaves become pinkish. Inflorescence - axillary, dense cylindrical raceme 20-40 cm long, sitting on a long peduncle. Succulent flowers are orange up to 40 mim long and about 5 mm wide, drooping, on thin pedicels. After flowering, the fruit is formed in the form of a cylindrical box, inside which there are numerous gray-black seeds of a triangular shape.
Reference: The seeds of aloe vera have time to ripen only if they grow in nature.
Aloe grows in hot, dry climates and survives in conditions that are detrimental to other plants. The plant is light-requiring, at home it develops well on the windowsills of the southeastern and southwestern windows. The growth and development of this succulent is rather slow. The period of active growth is from April to September, a period of dormancy begins in winter. The optimum temperature for keeping a plant in winter is 15 °.
Wild aloe vera has a root system that is one long, straight root with strong branching. Domestic specimens are much more compact and have underdeveloped roots, so small containers are enough for them to grow.
This evergreen succulent is distinguished by its high vitality, unpretentiousness, and the ability to grow in difficult conditions. If you create comfortable conditions for a flower, it will respond to this with active growth and an attractive appearance. In general, growing a flower is not difficult; beginner growers will also be able to cope with this. The main thing is to provide him with an abundance of sunlight. and regular, but not frequent watering, as well as feeding with specialized preparations for succulents.
How long does it live?
In the tropics, aloe vera can live for about 100 years. But at home, the plant oppresses the lack of sun and fresh air. Therefore, even with proper indoor care, the succulent will live no more than 20 years.
Signs and superstitions
The signs associated with this flower are interpreted only positively. It is believed that this flower has protective magical powers and is able to protect the house from accidents, troubles and diseases. Knowledgeable people advise placing the succulent in the room where the sick family member is. To enhance the home aura and neutralize envy from people with bad thoughts, it is recommended to put several copies of aloe vera on the windowsill. People believe that the flowering of a succulent is a wonderful sign that predicts good changes in life, love and prosperity.
- The plant in the house looks healthy, does not bloom, but it grows and produces young outlets - the energy of the room is protected. Households are not threatened with damage, the evil eye, serious diseases;
- Aloe vera has bloomed - an extremely positive sign, signaling the onset of a long period of luck, happiness, love;
- The yellowing or drying of the flower indicates that the plant has taken on a dangerous energy blow from ill-wishers;
What is the difference between an agave and aloe vera?
These two succulents, although they belong to the same genus, are not similar in appearance. The centenary, or otherwise - a tree-like aloe, is a tree with a fairly developed trunk, medium-sized leaves, the tops of which look up. Aloe vera has a very short trunk, it is a sprawling bush with straight, fleshy leaves curved upward. In home breeding, the agave is more common, which is more common on indoor windowsills. But the tree-like aloe has much less pulp and healthy juice. Both varieties of the plant are endowed with medicinal properties.
Useful properties and application
The leaves of this green healer contain a full set of vitamins and minerals, due to which they have a complex effect on the body. It is both a medicinal and cosmetic product, as well as a prophylactic drug. In medicine, the outer parts of the stem (sapwood) and the leaves from which the juice is extracted are used. The inflorescences and fruits of the succulent have no medicinal properties.
The juice of the plant, when taken orally, has a bactericidal, immunostimulating, choleretic and antibacterial effect., effective against diphtheria and dysentery bacilli, as well as streptococci, staphylococci. It helps to cope well with the consequences of radiation sickness and anemia. When the juice is taken inside, immunity is activated, all the forces of the body begin to fight inflammation. When used externally, the juice has a moisturizing, nourishing, regenerating effect, it also helps with cuts, burns, insect bites.
The pulp of a succulent has a specific chemical composition. In addition to water, its leaves contain many different substances: 20 amino acids, 10 enzymes, 12 anthraquinones, mono- and polysaccharides, minerals, vitamins. The older the plant, the higher its content of micro- and macroelements, most of which have an increased biological value for the human body.
Macronutrient content (mg / g):
- potassium (K) - 28.5;
- calcium (Ca) - 79.1;
- magnesium (Mg) - 17.4;
- iron (Fe) - 0.32;
Trace element content (μg / g):
- lithium (Li) - 162.0;
- op (B) - 94.0;
- strontium (Sr) - 17.64;
- barium (Ba) - 14.9;
- selenium (Se) - 11.9;
- zinc (Zn) - 2.75;
- copper (Cu) - 1.1;
- manganese (Mn) - 0.38;
- nickel (Ni) - 0.45;
- aluminum (Al) - 0.09;
- chromium (Cr) - 0.08;
- cobalt (Co) - 0.04;
The protein component of aloe juice contains:
- 18 amino acids;
- vitamins A, B2, B3, B6, C, E;
- minerals - calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, copper, chromium;
- phytoncides and enzymes;
In what form is it used?
On the basis of the juice of this green healer, many different medical and cosmetic preparations are made. Most preparations are based on aloe juice.
The ointment is prepared on the basis of fresh plant juice and a fatty base, which is taken as internal pork or badger fat, or ghee. The ointment is used to treat external lesions of the skin or with the development of inflammatory processes on it. Also, her chest is rubbed for an expectorant effect for colds.
To prepare the ointment, take 150 ml of fresh plant juice, 200 g of pork fat, 100 g of honey. The components are mixed and slightly heated in a water bath for more thorough dissolution. The mixture is stored in the refrigerator for 1 month.
To prepare the juice, the lower leaves of the plant are used, which is at least 3 years old. For its preparation, the leaf is cut off with a sharp knife, washed, wrapped in a bag and placed in the refrigerator for 7 days to bioactivate the plant components. Then the leaf is crushed with a meat grinder and the juice is filtered through cheesecloth or a sieve.
The juice is prepared in the above way and is consumed immediately, since after a few hours the juice darkens and loses some of its qualities. Since aloe juice is bitter, to improve its taste, it is used by mixing it with honey, walnuts, lemon juice or Cahors. For diseases of the bronchi and lungs, decoctions of medicinal herbs - marshmallow, coltsfoot, licorice, wild rosemary, sage, anise, linden, mint and others - can be added to the juice mixtures. Administered orally 1 tablespoon 3 times a day, on an empty stomach, with a wide range of diseases.
Pharmacological actions of aloe juice:
- general tonic;
Outwardly, the juice is used for applications for various skin inflammations, allergic reactions, sunburn. For this, sterile wipes are soaked in juice and applied to the affected area for 15-20 minutes.
To preserve fresh juice, an alcoholic tincture is made by mixing juice and rubbing alcohol in a 4: 1 ratio. It is recommended to store the drug in a dark glass container. The tincture can be ingested and applied to the skin. The drug has a bactericidal effect on the microflora of pathogens of tuberculosis, diphtheria, intestinal infections and whooping cough. It improves cell metabolism, trophism and tissue regeneration, increases the body's immune forces and the resistance of the mucous membranes to viruses, accelerates the recovery processes.
Attention! Alcohol tincture should not be used to treat burns.
A decoction of succulent leaves improves digestion, eliminates heartburn, and enhances bile secretion. They also rinse the mouth with a decoction in the presence of inflammatory diseases, rinse the head after washing to strengthen the hair follicles, do douching for diseases of the urinary tract of a chronic nature. To prepare the broth, 1 tablespoon of aloe leaf chopped with a knife, pour a glass of boiling water, let it boil for 5 minutes and then insist for 30 minutes. The finished broth is stored in the refrigerator for no more than 1 day.
Dosage forms of aloe vera release in pharmacology
The components of aloe vera are produced both as part of many medicines, and as independent preparations, in liquid and dry extract:
- Ointment (liniment) is used only externally. It has a high penetrating power and helps with various burns, red lichen, dermatitis, neurodermatitis, psoriasis, eczema. The ointment is applied to the affected skin, covered with a bandage or gauze bandage.
- Liquid extract Aloe is considered a biogenic stimulant and is intended for injection. Injections with the extract are prescribed for gastritis, colitis, cholecystitis. They provide a therapeutic and analgesic effect for neuralgia, neuritis, pneumonia, bronchitis, tuberculosis, after a stroke. The extract is effective for increasing visual acuity, hearing and smell, as well as in the complex therapy of male infertility.
- Alcohol tincture belongs to the group of laxatives, tonic, immunomodulating, bactericidal drugs. It enhances the action of other laxatives, as well as drugs that stimulate hematopoiesis.
- Iron syrup is a combined preparation of natural origin, prescribed for anemia. It replenishes iron deficiency and increases the level of hemoglobin in the blood, helps with constipation, fatigue and weakened immunity. However, such a drug has many contraindications - chronic heart failure, renal failure, cholelithiasis, high blood pressure, cystitis, hemorrhoids, uterine bleeding. Children can only give it after a doctor's prescription
- Pills used for progressive myopia, to accelerate tissue regeneration. Also, many aloe preparations appeared on the pharmacological market in the form of a dietary supplement.
Also in pharmacies and specialized stores you can buy skin care cosmetics with aloe extract - hand and face creams, lotions, gels, deodorants, nourishing and moisturizing masks.
Use in traditional medicine
Before talking about the use of this plant inside, watch the video about the dangers and contraindications:
In folk medicine, this green healer is considered a proven and effective remedy for many ailments. For a long time, herbalists have collected recipes for the preparation of tinctures, decoctions, ointments from the juice of this medicinal plant.The compositions are used in the complex treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, bronchopulmonary and urinary system. External application of the plant is no less effective.
Reference: Of the more than 500 species of this evergreen succulent, only 5 species are medicinal. And among these five, aloe vera is the most valuable species, as it brings the maximum benefit to humans.
Medicinal properties for eye diseases
Aloe vera juice is effective in treating ophthalmic diseases such as conjunctivitis, cataracts, glaucoma, optic nerve atrophy, and vitreous opacity.
- With barley 2 leaves of a flower are passed through a meat grinder and poured with boiling water in a ratio of 1:10. Let it brew for 1 hour, after which it is filtered and the affected area of the eye is treated with a cotton pad, making lotions. The mixture is prepared for 1 day for three use.
- With glaucoma one large leaf of the plant is crushed and poured with a glass of boiling water. After two hours of infusion, the mixture must be filtered. The resulting infusion rinse the eyes 3-4 times a day.
- Increase visual acuity complex treatment will help - the use of aloe inside and outside. For ingestion, you need to drink freshly prepared juice on an empty stomach, 1 teaspoon 3 times a day. An infusion is prepared for washing the eyes. Pour about 50 grams of chopped succulent leaves with a glass of boiling water and let it brew for 3 hours. The resulting solution is filtered and used to wash the eyes.
For skin diseases
The pulp of this succulent heals wounds and scratches, relieves redness and irritation on the skin. The sap of the plant, penetrating into the skin, starts the processes of regeneration of new cells, which helps to get rid of the signs of aging and fading of the skin. Due to its antiseptic properties, the juice heals acne and breakouts. With solar and radiation skin lesions, the use of aqueous solutions is justified, and alcohol compositions are contraindicated in these cases.
- With dermatitis as an aid, a mixture of aloe juice and honey mixed in a 1: 5 ratio is used. The mixture is applied to the skin and not washed off for 1 hour.
- For boils and inflammations use a leaf of a flower that is kept in the refrigerator for 1 day in advance. The cut sheet is applied to the inflamed area with the inside and wrapped for 3-4 hours. Then the bandage is removed, and the abscess is smeared with green stuff.
- From bruises, bruises, wounds it is best to use part of a fresh plant in the form of appliqués.
As contraindications to use, there may be chronic liver and kidney diseases, pregnancy, as well as possible allergic reactions to the active components of the plant.
With a runny nose
Due to its disinfecting and bactericidal effect, the juice of this flower helps with a cold. It helps to suppress infectious agents, relieves congestion, cleanses the nasal mucosa. However, this remedy should not be used by pregnant women, as well as children under the age of 3 years.
To prepare drops, the leaf of an adult plant is washed and put into the refrigerator for 9-12 days to accumulate biostimulating substances. Then squeeze juice from the sheet, which must be diluted with water 1: 2. The composition is instilled into each nostril 3-5 drops three times a day.
For the treatment of joints
The sap of the plant activates local blood circulation, contributing to the regeneration of cartilage tissue. The antiseptic substances in the juice neutralize the source of inflammation in the joints.
A mixture for applications on the area of the affected joint is prepared from chopped large aloe leaf, 3 cloves of garlic, 1 tablespoon of sunflower oil and 1 teaspoon of beeswax. The mass is heated in an enamel bowl until the lumps dissolve, and then cooled. The cooled mass is applied to the joint and creates heat. The application can be left overnight.
How is it used in gynecology, and when is it banned?
A folk remedy helps well in the treatment of erosions, polyps, inflammation of the cervix, especially in the early stages of the disease. For the treatment of most female ailments, formulations with aloe vera juice are used topically and, most often, in the form of vaginal tampons.
To prepare a solution for impregnating tampons, the leaf of the plant is kept in the refrigerator for about a week. Then squeeze the juice, which is diluted with either water in a 1: 1 ratio, or honey with castor oil. For 2 teaspoons of juice, you will need 1 teaspoon of honey and castor oil. This composition is impregnated with tampons for insertion into the vagina twice a day. In the morning, the tampons are left to act for 2 hours, and the second time they can be left overnight.
Attention! You can not be treated with aloe vera for women with bleeding (hemorrhoidal, uterine, menstrual), with varicose veins of the rectum, with acute diseases of the genitourinary system. It is also not recommended to use such tampons for healthy women, since there is a risk of disrupting the fragile microflora of the vagina.
Preparations based on this plant will help those who have low acidity of gastric juice, chronic gastritis, stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer. This succulent is a powerful natural antibiotic, it is able to kill E. coli and dysentery bacillus, as well as pyogenic bacteria. Drinking fresh juice on an empty stomach gently relieves constipation by acting as a laxative.
To do this, 30 minutes before meals, drink 1 teaspoon of juice 3 times a day. As a treatment for diseases of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, a mixture is prepared. Take 150 g of leaves, grind with a blender, combine with 300 g of liquid honey, you can warm up the mixture in a water bath. Leave the resulting product for a day, then heat and strain it. The medicinal mixture should be taken 1 hour before breakfast in the amount of one teaspoon.
Colon inflammation and irritation can remove the daily use of mint tea with the addition of aloe juice. To prepare a drink, pour 15 g of fresh or 5 g of dried mint with a glass of boiling water and, after cooling, add 1 tablespoon of flower juice. The drink should be taken on an empty stomach, in the morning and evening.
Helps Balance Good Bacteria... Aloe vera helps to correct the proper balance of beneficial bacteria in the gut. This is due to the content of polysaccharides in the pulp of the flower. They also contribute to the elimination of toxins through the large intestine, contributing to weight loss and healing of the body. To do this, 3 times a day, 30 minutes before meals, drink 1 tablespoon of fresh aloe juice with a little water.
Heals ulcers... The combination of aloe and honey has long been known as a remedy in the fight against gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Positive dynamics is possible due to the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of this houseplant. To prepare the tincture, take a glass of Cahors, half a glass of chopped flower pulp and 100 grams of honey. Everything is mixed and insisted in a dark place for 5 days. Take 1 tablespoon before meals 3 times a day. There are also recipes for combining aloe with walnuts, butter, potato juice.
With cardiovascular diseases
Such a component as the pulp of aloe is included in the recipes of many formulations designed to help in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, such as angina pectoris, arrhythmia, arterial hypertension and others. In the fight for the health of the heart and blood vessels, healing infusions from aloe leaves with the addition of herbs such as St. John's wort, linden, arnica, mint, sage, valerian have proven themselves well.
- Prevents blood clots... The substances in this plant reduce the density of red blood cells, prevent clots and clogged arteries, and also help lower triglycerides (bad cholesterol) and increase good cholesterol. To do this, on an empty stomach, 3 times a day, drink 1 tablespoon of juice with clean water.
- Reduces blood sugar... With type 2 diabetes in children and adults, ordinary fresh aloe juice is considered the most useful. If desired, you can add a little honey to it. Such a composition is taken in a tablespoon three times a day before meals. Such use affects the root cause of diabetes, increasing the body's defenses. As a result, metabolism improves, cells are renewed, blood sugar decreases. The fact is that the plant contains a lot of enzymes and soluble dietary fiber that break down fats, regulate liver function, cleanse the bile ducts, lymph and blood.
- Improves blood circulation... The juice of this succulent is able to thin the blood, and thereby restore blood circulation. This is mainly achieved due to the high content of vitamins of groups C, A, B. The essential amino acid arginine accelerates the production of nitric oxide in the human body, which promotes good blood circulation and oxygenation of the blood. Fresh flower juice is consumed on an empty stomach, 3 times a day, 1 tablespoon.
Allergy Immunity Assistant
The natural component of the medicinal succulent acts on the body, and it begins to produce hydrochloric acid in the required amount, which helps digestion. And this, in turn, reduces or prevents allergic reactions in the body. The content of anti-inflammatory substances in the plant strengthens the human immune system. The juice of the flower is rubbed into the skin, the nasal cavity is lubricated inside and out, and in case of general allergies, drinking the juice, 1 teaspoon 3 times a day, with a sip of mint tea helps.
Possible protection against cancer
In the case of oncology, such components in the composition of aloe as: cysteine, acemannan, emodin, proteases are very important. These substances contribute to the destruction of malignant cells, strengthen the human immune system. Some plant enzymes, entering the human body and accumulating in the right place, are capable of destroying the membranes of malignant cells.
The positive effect of taking aloe juice inside during chemotherapy courses has been proven, it helps to relieve severe symptoms, restores metabolic processes in the body. A mixture of aloe juice and honey, mixed in a 1: 5 ratio, helps well. This mixture is used both externally, lubricating places that have been exposed to the rays of chemotherapy, and internally as a drink.
First aid for skin irritation
Due to its anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect, the plant helps to quickly cope with skin irritations. Also, the pulp of the flower fights such skin diseases - eczema and acne, acne and psoriasis, inflammatory processes that are caused by fungi and bacteria. Fibroblasts in the juice activate the production of their own elastane and collagen fibers. This means that the process of self-healing of the skin starts, and it rejuvenates. It is best to use the gelatinous leaf flesh immediately after cutting.
Preventing the formation of kidney stones
In acute inflammatory kidney diseases, it is not recommended to use the plant. This can only be done as a preventive measure. To do this, take 3 tablespoons of chopped wheatgrass roots and aloe leaf each and pour a liter of boiling water. Insist 3 hours, then take 1 glass 3 times a day.
Application in cosmetology
The sap of the plant has a proven calming effect. It softens, smoothes, moisturizes and nourishes the skin. People whose skin is prone to irritation, dryness, redness should pay attention to formulations with aloe vera.
Important! Due to the set of substances related to human skin in the pulp of this succulent, allergic reactions to contact with it occur relatively infrequently.
Aloe Vera Facial Recipes
The uniqueness of the juice of this flower is that it suits all skin types and benefits every one of them.
Rubbing with aloe juice
By regularly wiping your face with fresh flower juice mixed with 1: 2 water, you can restore your skin to softness, freshness and matte appearance. Rubbing should be carried out on the skin prepared and free from cosmetics and dust 2-3 times a week.
Cosmetic ice with aloe juice
The use of ice with flower juice in facial treatment provides a powerful blood flow, activating metabolic processes in the cells of the facial skin. Literally after 2-3 procedures, the complexion significantly improves, and fine wrinkles disappear.
Firming masks for mature skin
The anti-aging effect of the components of the plant is due to the stimulation of the production of natural collagen in the skin. For the mask, take 1 tablespoon of juice, mix with 1 yolk of a raw egg and 1 teaspoon of honey and apply on the skin for 20 minutes. There are many more homemade aloe mask recipes for mature skin.
Masks for oily skin
You will need 1 egg white, 1 tablespoon of aloe juice, 5-7 drops of tea tree oil, 1 tablespoon. cucumber juice, 1 tablespoon of cornstarch. Apply evenly on face and leave for 30 minutes. then rinse with cool water.
Aloe mask for acne
2 tablespoons of the pulp of an adult plant should be mixed with a tablespoon of calendula tincture. Apply the resulting mixture to problem areas of the facial skin. After several applications, the skin is cleansed.
Aloe hair recipes
This medicinal plant is used to make moisturizing, nourishing, firming masks for the scalp and hair, as well as infusions for rinsing after washing. The plant helps with seborrhea, baldness, dandruff, oily hair. To prevent hair problems, you can add a teaspoon of fresh juice to shampoos and conditioners. This contributes to the rapid growth of hair, giving it a healthy shine.
How to prepare shampoo?
To make your own natural shampoo, you need to mix 4 tablespoons of aloe gel, 2 tablespoons of honey, 2 tablespoons of baking soda, and 1 tablespoon of coconut milk. This composition is used instead of shampoo once a week.
How to prepare conditioner?
To prepare the conditioner, you need to mix strained aloe juice and water in equal proportions, add a few drops of your favorite essential oil there. Using a spray bottle, the mixture is applied to clean, damp hair.
For oily hair
For owners of oily hair, the following mask is suitable, which can be used once a week instead of shampoo. For her, green tea and aloe juice are mixed in equal proportions. Spread the mixture evenly over the scalp and hair, hold for up to half an hour. Then rinse with warm water.
For normal hair
This mask nourishes the scalp and fills the hair follicles with strength. Mix 250 g of colorless henna, 2 tablespoons of yogurt, 1 tablespoon of aloe gel, 1 tablespoon of olive oil. The mask is applied to the scalp and hair for 45 minutes, after which it is washed with cool water using shampoo. Can be applied every two weeks.
For dry hair
The following composition nourishes and strengthens the hair: 1 tablespoon of aloe gel, 1 tablespoon of lemon juice, 1 teaspoon of vitamin E, 2 tablespoons of almond oil. Add lemon juice and oils to the gel, mix thoroughly. Massage onto scalp and spread over the entire length of the hair. Leave on for 20 minutes and wash off with shampoo, apply conditioner.
Mix 1 tablespoon of castor oil with a teaspoon of hair aloe juice. If desired, you can add yolk, olive oil, or drop by drop of oil solutions of vitamins A and E. The mask is applied only to the roots or along the entire length of the hair.
Hand and body recipes
- A moisturizing and nourishing infusion of aloe and garlic juice is used for the skin of the hands. A fresh leaf must be crushed and filled with two glasses of cooled boiled water.Add 1 tablespoon of squeezed garlic juice to the resulting mixture and insist in a cool place for 1 day. This infusion is stored in the refrigerator and rubbed into the skin of the hands every day.
- To make a nourishing foot mask, half a glass of oatmeal is mixed with 50 ml of plant juice, 100 ml of any body lotion, a few drops of tea tree essential oil and applied to the skin of the feet. Cotton socks are put on the feet. The mask must be kept for 1 hour, then rinsed with warm water.
- The famous Cleopatra cream is perfect for the body.... For it you will need 3 lemons, a glass of hot water, a teaspoon of olive oil, natural honey, 3 tablespoons of aloe vera gel and a few drops of your favorite essential oil. The cream can be applied to a wet body after water procedures with massage movements.
Application on the farm
Aloe vera is a unique plant, its use on the farm is no less valuable. Its juice is used as a biogenic stimulant for the growth of cuttings, sabur powder from leaf pulp is used as a laxative for pets, and that's not all.
- Hand antiseptic... To make a hand sanitizer, which will also moisturize the skin, you will need 50 ml of alcohol, 1 tablespoon of fresh flower juice, 7 drops of orange essential oil. For convenience, the solution can be poured into a small container with a spray bottle.
- Means for washing fruits and vegetables... A completely safe and environmentally friendly detergent for washing vegetables, fruits and herbs can be made by yourself, having only aloe at home. Freshly squeezed juice diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 perfectly disinfects vegetables and fruits. Just keep in mind that the older the plant, the more bitter its juice.
- Mouthwash. You will need 250 ml of filtered water, 8 drops of citrus essential oils, 60 ml of aloe vera juice and 1 tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide. Simply mix the ingredients and use it as a mouthwash after brushing your teeth. The product promotes the healing of small wounds in the oral cavity, improves the condition of the gums and has pronounced antibacterial properties.
Location and lighting
In summer, it is better to keep this culture in the fresh air; in an apartment he will be comfortable on a balcony or loggia. In a private house, the flower is taken out into the yard, shading from the direct sun... Indoors, immigrants from sunny Africa love bright lighting, but young specimens should not be placed in direct sunlight. At first, they are shaded with light curtains. Grows well on windows facing south or southeast. Lack of light leads to stretching.
The temperature regime should be maintained like this - in winter it is 12 -15 degrees, and in summer up to 25 degrees. At this temperature, aloe feels comfortable, actively developing during the growth period and resting during the rest period.
How to care during the rest period?
In the fall, plant feeding is stopped. Succulent is watered not every week, but twice a month. In winter, watering is carried out at all once a month. Water should not saturate the soil, but only moisten it. The flower pot is removed away from the radiators on a light and cool windowsill. Since March, they begin to gradually increase watering and do top dressing.
You do not need to water the succulent often, because in nature it grows in drought conditions.... This procedure should be carried out with completely dry soil. First, you need to loosen the top of the soil, check that it has dried out by 4-5 cm. Only then can you water it without flooding. It is important that the liquid flows out of the pot and into the sump. Water should be poured out of the pan in order to prevent root decay.
The humidity of the air does not have any significance for the cultivation of this succulent, but the plant will benefit from a room temperature shower, which cleans its leaves from dust, in spring and summer - about once every 2 weeks.
Aloe vera is a very unpretentious plant, so it will grow in almost any soil. However, a neutral or slightly acidic soil with an acidity of pH 6.5-7 is best suited for the flower. The soil should be sufficiently loose and permeable to air and water.
You can buy ready-made soil designed for growing cacti and succulents, this will be a good solution for inexperienced growers. Soils of such brands are on sale as:
- Mother Earth... A package of 3 liters costs 55-70 rubles. It is a balanced soil mixture enriched with useful soil microflora, humus fertilizer and expanded clay baking powder. The advantage of this soil is that it is completely ready for planting a succulent.
- Florika Cactus-aloe... A 3-liter package costs 190 rubles. The mixture is a lightweight substrate for growing succulents. Also completely ready for use, does not require disinfection.
You can prepare the soil yourself. Basic components will be required in equal parts: deciduous soil, turf soil, sand, humus, as well as loosening components (optional): charcoal, vermiculite, fine expanded clay or brick chips. The soil mixture in the planting tank should be placed in the following sequence:
- Drainage layer 2-2.5 cm;
- The middle of the pot is a mixture of substrates;
- Top layer - coarse sand or gravel;
Important! Peat should not be added to the soil for aloe, as it increases acidity, and this has a detrimental effect on the roots of the succulent.
Pots are made from plastic and clay, each type has pros and cons. Plastic pots are inexpensive, lightweight, and don't shatter if dropped. Clay pots are more expensive, but they are stable, and the porous structure of their walls does not allow water to stagnate. The required size of the planting capacity is determined by the crown of the aloe. In a properly selected container, the diameter is 2 times less than the distance between the edges of opposite leaves. The older the plant, the more powerful its root. Therefore, the pot is taken more every time.
Top dressing and fertilizers
You can apply fertilizer for the first time already 2 months after planting. The flower consumes minerals from the soil with each watering. Top dressing is applied in liquid form, dissolving in water. It is best to purchase a complex mineral fertilizer for succulents, they have the optimal ratio of all useful elements. The following nutritional complexes for succulents have proven themselves well:
- Bona Forte
Organic aloe vera feeds are not required. You can only insist in water for irrigation such products as banana peels, egg shells, onion peels, wood ash.
Important! The fertilizer solution must be carefully poured into the soil, it should not fall on the plant leaf. This is fraught with the appearance of a burn.
Plants are pruned when the lower leaves are needed to extract juice from them or to separate the daughter rosette from the mother bush. Damaged leaf blades should also be pruned as they inhibit plant growth and development. You need to cut the leaves with a sharp knife, directing it from top to bottom. And sprinkle the place of the cut on the plant with chopped charcoal.
In nature, aloe is a xerophyte, that is, it grows in arid areas. Accordingly, in a room, spraying and additional humidification of the air is not needed for the flower.
In winter, the plant begins a period of natural relative dormancy, so the plant is placed in a bright, cool place where the air temperature is about 14 °. Top dressing is stopped until March, and watering is reduced to 1 time per month. The water remaining in the pallet is poured out without fail.
First care after purchase
As a rule, in specialized stores, succulents are contained in small containers, so after purchase, the plant should be transplanted. To grow a healthy and beautiful specimen, as well as maintain its aesthetic appearance, the following conditions must be met:
- Choose a pot for planting and transplanting correctly;
- Observe the correct proportions in the preparation of the substrate or use a ready-made mixture;
- Place the plant in a bright place, but out of direct sunlight;
- Do not feed for the first 3 months;
- Place separately from other indoor flowers;
Wild specimens of this plant bloom annually, reaching the age of four. Indoor aloe vera, unfortunately, very rarely please their owners with exotic flowering. To achieve flowering at home, it is important not to overfeed the plant with fertilizers, observe the temperature and watering regime, and also leave the flower alone for the winter.
When is it needed?
Transplant is required:
- when the plant was bought in a small pot;
- when the plant has overgrown and began to lose the lower leaves due to lack of nutrients. However, in the case of aloe vera, this is extremely rare. Due to the supply of nutrients accumulated in the leaves, even a plant taken out of the ground will exist for about a month;
- when the soil is acidic or pests are introduced into it;
Transplanting into a new pot is desirable once every three years, in the spring.
Requirement for soil and pot
The soil for the succulent should not be nutritious, the main thing is that moisture does not stagnate in it. It should contain loosening components such as perlite, sand, brick chips, expanded clay. To plant a plant, it is necessary to select not too deep, but wide containers. They can be made from both ceramics and plastic.
In the open field, aloe is grown only in summer, be sure to remove the plant indoors for the winter.
Transplanting a succulent into open ground can be started in the spring, when the weather is warm and the threat of night frosts has passed. Typically, in mid-latitudes, this is the end of May. The landing site should be well lit, but at the same time, it should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Make sure that no water stagnates at the planting site.
Dig a hole slightly larger and deeper than the pot in which the flower previously grew... A little sawdust or coal is poured at the bottom, and a small layer of coarse sand or crushed brick is placed on top. Then sprinkle with a layer of ready-made earthen mixture. A seedling is placed in the hole and covered with the same special earthen mixture.
Features of outdoor care
There are no peculiarities of caring for aloe in the open field. It is important to remember that it is worth watering the plant only when the soil is completely dry, and there is no need to feed it at all.
In deserts, the propagation of evergreen succulents occurs most often by seeds or basal shoots. At home, the plant can be propagated by cuttings, a developed leaf or children.
Using a sheet
In spring or early summer, a healthy, strong leaf should be cut off from the bottom of an adult plant with a sharp knife. Sprinkle the clipping point on the flower and the cut on the sheet with pre-crushed activated carbon. The leaf must be placed in a dry place to dry the cut for 5-7 days... Then the sheet must be placed in the prepared soil, deepening by 2 cm.
Water the leaf regularly until roots appear. Water for irrigation should be separated, at room temperature. You need to try so that water does not get on the leaf itself, but only moistens the soil around it. After about 2 weeks, the leaf will take root and the young succulent will begin to grow.
The term for planting seeds is the end of February or the beginning of March. Seeds are sown in a shallow container with a hole at the bottom. The soil should consist of 1 part of the land mixture and 2 parts of river sand. The seeds are deepened by 1 cm, and the soil is moistened with a spray bottle. Then the seedlings are removed to a bright room (but not in direct sunlight) with an air temperature of + 20 ° C. When the first 2 leaves appear on the seedlings, the plants dive into small pots.
You can root the aloe by cutting off the top. To do this, carefully cut off the top with 8 leaves with a knife. The cut part is placed in a transparent glass container with fresh water. The top of the container is placed in a bright place, changing the water in the container every 5-7 days. After the roots appear at least 5-7 mm in length, the succulent can be removed from the water and planted in the soil mixture. The pot must be chosen so that about 2 cm of free space remains between its walls and the lower leaves.
This method of reproduction of a flower is the simplest, provided that the plant has developed strong appendages, called babies. They are separated from the main plant with a sharp knife, trying not to damage the roots. Then the separated succulents are planted in separate small containers with a suitable substrate. It is important to protect young specimens from direct sun.
Diseases and pests
Aloe vera is considered a fairly hardy flower, but if kept incorrectly, some diseases can affect it.
The flower can infect root rot. At the same time, the leaves turn yellow, dry and fall off. At an early stage of the disease, the plant can be saved. To do this, you need to remove the diseased specimen from the pot, eliminate the rotten root processes. Then the entire root system and the pot must be treated with a fungicide and planted in a new substrate. The transplanted plant is not watered for the next 2 weeks.
A fungus such as dry rot can spread inside the plant. The flower begins to dry, the leaves become thinner, deformed, their tips begin to turn yellow. As a result, the aloe can dry out completely. It is almost impossible to save the affected specimen. Disease can be prevented by regular prophylactic fungicide treatment.
The plant must be inspected from time to time in order to neutralize the pests attacking it in time.
Infrequent visitor to the succulent. But if brown sticky bumps were noticed on the plant, and the flower has slowed down in growth and development, then it must be treated with a fungicide such as "Aktara" or wiped with a cotton pad moistened with vodka.
Thrips starts up in waterlogged soil. The affected plant withers and becomes covered with whitish stripes. Repeated treatment of the plant and soil with phytoinsecticide is required.
Nematodes parasitize on plant roots. The characteristic signs of the presence of root nematodes are inhibition of plant growth and the detection of small outgrowths in the form of grains on the roots. The damaged area of the root must be cut out.
This pest rarely starts on aloe, but if he chooses a plant, then it will be a young specimen, which still has delicate leaves. If cobwebs are found, it is necessary to rinse the plant more often with a cool infusion of tobacco or a solution of laundry soap.
It is easy to find, it is a mobile insect about 5 mm in size. The worm leaves its whitish discharge on the leaves of the flower, having a waxy consistency. The characteristic features of mealybug damage to the plant are small airy pieces, similar to fluff, that stick around the leaves. The worms are brushed off with a brush, and the leaves are treated with an alcoholic tincture of garlic or an insecticide, with extensive infection.
Symptoms of problems
What if the following problems with aloe vera are found?
Leaves dry or shrivel
Perhaps watering is not enough or the flower is standing in the scorching sun. You need to find a more suitable place for the plant and increase watering. There may also be a dry rot or scabbard lesion. An insecticide will help here.
Rotting root system
The roots can rot if you water the flower with cold water.In this case, the succulent will have to be removed from the pot, the damaged roots should be removed, and the healthy ones should be sprinkled with crushed coal. Then plant in sand-predominant soil and do not water for 3 weeks.
Aloe vera leaves can turn yellow from a lack of potassium, watering with chlorinated water, or smoking indoors. Also, yellowing of the leaves is observed in a succulent planted in clay soil.
Soft leaf blades
Soft leaves can be due to over-watering or lack of light. It is necessary to identify the cause and eliminate it.
If the flower develops slowly, damaged roots may be the cause. You need to remove the plant from the pot and examine it carefully. Black and dry roots must be removed, and the plant must be transplanted into another pot.
Where and how can you buy?
The plant can be purchased in specialized stores, in the markets from florists, from individuals selling through online ads. Also, succulents can be purchased on the Internet sites of various nurseries. Aloe vera easily tolerates transportation and possible adverse conditions.
The price for this evergreen succulent is quite reasonable: a young plant costs 70-100 rubles, and an adult specimen will cost 300-500 rubles. When buying, you should pay attention to the appearance of the flower and examine it for the presence of pests.
Outwardly, aloe vera looks like the following flowers, with which it can be confused:
Growing aloe vera is an interesting and uncomplicated process. Just a few simple rules must be followed to keep the plant healthy - moderate watering, adequate lighting and a comfortable temperature. As a reward to the owner, the medicinal flower will give a lot of its amazing qualities for strengthening health and maintaining youth and beauty.