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November is the best time to think about how you will protect winter plant species in the plots.
There is a wide variety of cover materials to choose from, and they all have their pros and cons.
Non-woven covering materials
This is the name for artificial materials that are made from organic polymers and are sold in hardware stores. The most popular are the following types of canvas:
They are very often used in regions with strong winds, as they have high strength.
Artificial materials have a number of advantages over natural ones:
- Long lasting.
- They let the sun's rays pass well.
- Prevents pests from attack.
- Resistant to any kind of precipitation.
But they also have a number of disadvantages:
- There is no access to the beds for loosening and fertilizing.
- High price.
- When applied in winter and severe frosts, it can freeze, become heavy and damage plants.
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A popular crop shelter material that is used for keeping the beds warm and snow retention. You can simply overlay the plantings with thorny branches or build something like a hut.
The advantages of this shelter method:
- An additional air gap is created.
- Thorny branches scare away rodents.
- Protects plants from sunburn with the arrival of spring.
But before using it, you need to assess the possible disadvantages:
- The needles that fall from the branches contribute to soil acidification.
- Together with spruce branches, pests and diseases can be brought into the garden.
A good and affordable way for thermal insulation and frost protection. Experienced gardeners are not advised to completely cover the plants with sawdust.
It is better to do with mulching or use bags filled with sawdust for insulation, thus creating a solid shelter.
Like all products, sawdust also has a number of disadvantages:
- Wet cakes pretend and condense, creating a crust that does not allow air to pass through.
- May acidify the soil.
- In the spring, the ground under the sawdust will thaw longer.
For a winter shelter, it is better to use large sawdust, small ones will spray faster and get wet.
It can serve as a good frost protection for garden plants. It will not work to build a full-fledged shelter from peat, but it is perfect for mulching., although it has a number of disadvantages:
- Oxidizes the soil.
- It quickly absorbs moisture, due to which it thickens and loses some of its heat-insulating properties.
- May form a dense crust that will adversely affect plants.
The natural and most affordable covering material... Under a thick cover of snow, crops can easily endure even severe frosts. However, you can count on such an assistant only in regions where winter is always snowy and there are no freezing temperatures.
The main and main plus of snow as a shelter is good thermal insulation.
But there are several disadvantages:
- If it melts, the plants will be left without shelter.
- Easily blown away by the wind.
- May be covered with a crust of ice, under which crops will begin to suffocate.
- There is a likelihood of too late fallout, when frosts are already raging with might and main, and the plants need protection.
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It is important to figure out what kind of foliage is right. Do not use birch and fruit tree leaves... A blanket made of leaves protects well from the cold, but still has too many disadvantages:
- The complexity of the procurement.
- Requires additional moisture protection.
- In the spring, you will have to devote a lot of time to harvesting leaves from the garden.
- Caked and too wet leaves can lead to the death of crops.
- Can be a breeding ground for bacteria and disease.
Therefore, most often the leaves are used as an additional, rather than the main, shelter.
Be sure to use this material if possible.... This is a good shelter method for the winter, the straw will protect the perennials from frost and keep them warm. She, like spruce branches, is capable of trapping snow, which will become an additional shelter.
Has a number of disadvantages:
- May become a nest for mice.
- It quickly begins to rot, because of which it can rot and become an impetus for the occurrence of fungal diseases.
- In spring, the soil under the straw does not thaw for a long time.
What materials to use for sheltering plantings is up to you. You need to weigh the pros and cons, the availability of funds in your area and the weather conditions in your area.
Questions From Readers
Can multiple soil cover materials be used at once?
Does the straw keep warm well?