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Vigilance will not be superfluous, moth butterflies: their description and photos

 Vigilance will not be superfluous, moth butterflies: their description and photos


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The family of moths includes a large number of nondescript butterflies.

The insidiousness of these pests lies in their ability to reproduce a large number of caterpillars.

Caterpillars are capable of disguising themselves as branches of plant shoots, causing damage to agricultural and wild plants.

And so we will get acquainted in more detail with these insidious pests.

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Butterflies, found from June to August, are not dangerous for gardeners. Their sucking mouth apparatus does not allow them to feed on the vegetative parts of the plants. Nocturnal insects feed on nectar.

The fight must be waged with hungry voracious caterpillarsborn in May after a long wintering. The adults were named after the plants that caterpillars feed on.

Photo of moth barrels:

Pine

Like all types of these lepidopteran pests, she has a patronizing colorationresembling pine bark. The grayish-brown wings of males and females are strewn with dark broken lines and white, dark brown or black specks.

Green caterpillars feed on needles and fragile bark... At the peak of their gluttony (from May to June), they able to completely deprive needles of whole hectares of young plants.

Read more about pine moths in our heading:

Birch

Gray or white-gray the color of a butterfly, on the outside of the wings of which black specks are scattered. An inconspicuous moth sits tightly against a birch trunk or a wooden building, and becomes practically indistinguishable against their background.

Interesting. Scientists note that over the past century, the color of butterflies has changed due to the fact that soot settling on birch trunks makes the bark darker. To camouflage in new conditions, moths have learned to develop a black pigment that allows them to be colored to match any birch trunk.

Caterpillar green color... She feeds on leaves birch, alder, hazel.

Read more about birch moths in our article:

Fir

Inhabits in the eastern part of Siberia and in the Far East... Butterflies coloring light gray or gray-white with transverse white or gray wavy lines.

A caterpillar that looks like a dry twig eats fir needles, larch.

Gooseberry

Adult has a bright color: on a white background in the area of ​​the abdomen and head, yellow hairs and black specks form the letter T, below are merging large spots, wavy black-yellow lines.

The caterpillar looks the same., strewn with large dark dots.

The gooseberry moth damages berry bushes and rosaceae: gooseberries, plum, apple tree, apricot, red and black currants... Feeds on berry seeds, buds, leaves... The caterpillar sticks together the damaged parts of plants with cobwebs, forming a secluded place for pupation.

Ripped off

Brown milky or greenish a butterfly decorated with two wavy stripes. From May to June her the larvae eat the kidneys, buds and leaves and leave characteristic torn bite marks on their edges, giving the impression that the leaves were not bitten, but ripped off.

The peppered moth causes great damage to garden crops during the budding period: apple tree, cherry, cherry, cherry plum, blueberry, rowan... Wild trees: maple, linden, oak, birch, rose hips.

Winter moth

Sexually mature individuals look inconspicuous: their gray wings are outlined with transverse dark lines... The caterpillar refers to pests of fruit stone fruit, pome crops, wild deciduous species. She eats leaves, buds, pulp, young pear seeds, cherries, apple trees, plums.

Butterflies lay their eggs in the fall. Eggs hidden in cracks in the bark overwinter at a temperature of 0-7 °. During bud opening, the caterpillar completes its formation and is born.

Interesting. Low temperatures do not kill the eggs of the pest, they are necessary for the full flow of the insect's life cycle.

Photo of a winter moth:

Caterpillar-surveyor

A surveyor is a moth larva. for the characteristic way of "walking" in spans... Larvae have the ability to mimic: in case of danger, they freeze, becoming indistinguishable from small green twigs and dry twigs.

They are very gluttonous, belong to polyphages (they eat almost all parts of closely related garden, wild plants).

Read more about moth caterpillars in our heading:

Do not neglect frequent encounters with inconspicuous butterflies or caterpillars. Get acquainted with the harm caused by the larvae, their voracity, the consequences of being close to birch, pine and other moths and methods of dealing with these pests in the relevant sections.


Watch the video: Evolution of Butterflies (June 2022).


Comments:

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