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Inexpensive greenhouse for giving with your own hands from scrap materials: construction features, how to build and what to cover

 Inexpensive greenhouse for giving with your own hands from scrap materials: construction features, how to build and what to cover



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For many summer residents, a greenhouse is a structure that must be present in the backyard.

After all, most of the owners of suburban areas use the dacha not only as a place for outdoor recreation, but also as a territory for growing vegetables, trying to provide themselves with supplies for the long winter.

However, not every owner can afford the purchase of expensive materials for the construction of a greenhouse structure. How to make the cheapest greenhouse with your own hands from scrap materials?

In such cases, the best solution may be to build a greenhouse from plastic pipes with your own hands - an effective option and, at the same time, not requiring high costs.

And so, how to build a greenhouse cheaply with your own hands? What to make of? How to inexpensively cover a budget dacha (garden) greenhouse?

Greenhouse made of PVC pipes - do-it-yourself replacement for expensive greenhouses

PP pipe construction is different the availability and reasonable cost of the material, which, moreover, is lightweight and durable, does not rot like wood and does not corrode like metal.

To these indicators, you can add a whole a number of features inherent in plastic construction:

  • easy installation;
  • the ability to transfer to another place if necessary;
  • the greenhouse can be built in almost any shape and size;
  • the material is not affected by high and low temperatures and high humidity;
  • polypropylene is environmentally friendly to soil and plants;
  • PVC pipes are distinguished by a long service life, due to which a greenhouse frame made of this material will last for more than one year.

How to make a simple greenhouse yourself for a summer residence from improvised means?

Types of frame made of plastic pipes

By the shape of the structure, frames can be gable and arched... Each option has both positive and negative sides.

Arched frame

TO advantages of this structure, the following indicators can be attributed:

  • the quality of lighting is better than in other types of buildings;
  • resistance to strong winds, snowstorms and other atmospheric phenomena. Reliably reinforced structure confidently withstands snow loads and gusts of wind;
  • the ability to increase the length of the greenhouse by adding additional sections;
  • ease of installation of the coating, which can be used as a film or polycarbonate. The coating can be continuous or in the form of separate fragments in the form of large sheets;
  • the presence of a minimum number of seams requiring high-quality sealing.

You can build such the simplest greenhouse with an arched frame with your own hands in the country and in the garden (photo above).

disadvantages:

  • if it is necessary to equip the greenhouse with multi-tiered beds, it will be very difficult to install racks and shelves in it;
  • difficulties with the arrangement of the ventilation system. For high-quality ventilation of the greenhouse, it is often necessary to have side transoms in it, the installation of which entails some difficulties, due to the peculiarities of the arched structure;
  • limited options for the choice of covering material. Only soft and flexible products are suitable as a coating.

Gable frame

pros:

  • in case of heavy downpours, water flows freely over the pitched roof;
  • the room can easily be equipped with high-quality ventilation by installing the required number of vents, which will provide an outlet for hot air that accumulates under the roof;
  • the ability to grow tall crops, planting them even along the side walls;
  • The gable roof prevents snow accumulation, and when sliding down, the snow cover does not press on the frame and covering.

Minuses:

  • the assembly of a gable structure is a more complex option in comparison with an arched structure;
  • for installation, more building materials are required, which, accordingly, entails more significant costs.

Covering material

There are many options for covering for greenhouses today. But, in order to keep within the framework of the budget project, it is worth considering the materials most acceptable for this purpose, namely - polyethylene and small thickness cellular polycarbonate.

Film coating

Do you want the simplest DIY greenhouse? This material is characterized by high elasticity and tensile strength.

It stretches well in width and length and has good transparency, allowing up to 80-90% of sunlight to pass through.

The film must be sufficient to resist natural phenomena densitytherefore it is advisable to use a high density material.

But at the same time, it is necessary to preserve the light transmittance of the coating. In this case, a film with a density of 150-200 microns is best suited.

The film coating has its own limitations:

  • simple unstabilized polyethylene is susceptible to aging and destruction under the influence of high temperatures and ultraviolet rays;
  • with an increase in humidity in the room, the film becomes covered with condensation, which creates a reflective screen, as a result of which the light transmittance of the material deteriorates;
  • falling drops of condensation harm the plants, and the wet surface of the film becomes covered with dust, which also deteriorates the transparency of polyethylene.

Cellular polycarbonate up to 4 mm thick

In a greenhouse covered with a 4 mm thick material, only seasonal plant cultivation... The service life of the structure is limited in this case in late spring and summer. However, it is the most transparent and inexpensive polycarbonate. It is good to grow early vegetables in such a room, but it is not suitable for forcing seedlings.

The thin polycarbonate construction is a great option for those who don't plan on planting crops during the cold season.

You should not use the "four" to cover a winter greenhouse, as it is not able to protect the room from the cold.

As for the thinner polycarbonate (3.5-3.8 mm), it is not classified as a construction material, so it is only suitable for vertical installation.

Read more about how to choose polycarbonate for a greenhouse here.

And here is an article about the construction of a greenhouse from window frames.

This article will show you how to make a plastic bottle greenhouse.

Preparation for construction

It all starts with choosing a place for construction, which should be well lit and protected from drafts. It should be borne in mind that it is better to arrange the buildings in such a way, so that its ends face north and south... This will provide better lighting and natural heating of the room.

Next, you should draw up a drawing, having previously thought over the shape of the frame and having decided on the main design features:

  • type of foundation;
  • type of construction (portable or stationary);
  • the size of the step between the bearing elements.

If planned construction of a winter greenhouse, then for such a structure it is important to have a solid foundation, which will provide the structure with reliable stability during heavy snowfalls.

For temporary construction a wooden base is quite suitable as a foundation. Further - in more detail about each species.

Greenhouse foundation types

Bar base... As a material for the construction of such a foundation, a bar with a section of 120x120 mm is used.

Before laying the timber, shallow grooves (5-10 cm) should be dug under it, into which the roofing material is laid. It will protect the wood from soil moisture.

The advantage of such a foundation is the possibility of dismantling the structure with the onset of the winter season. The disadvantage is that after several seasons the timber will become unusable as a result of rotting.

Block foundation... It is a reinforced version, which is quite suitable for non-separable winter structures. The construction of this structure includes the following stages:

A gravel cushion about 10 cm thick is placed on the leveled soil.

Next, put the first block of concrete on a previously poured layer of cement-sand mortar.

The laid block is exposed exactly using a level.

All other blocks are placed in the same way.

Upon completion of the installation, the joints between the blocks are sealed with mortar.

For a greenhouse foundation, hollow blocks are quite suitable, which, after installation, are filled with cement mortar.

Whatever goals the owner of the summer cottage pursues when building a greenhouse, whether it is seasonal or year-round cultivation of crops, the use of PVC pipes will allow significantly reduce construction time and save money.


Watch the video: A Poor Mans Way To Build A Farm Cheap or Free (August 2022).