Gardening

Citrus graft

Citrus graft


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Question: Do seed citrus fruits bloom?


hi I have two plants born of seed, one of lemon, and one of bitter orange. The first (lemon) at almost ten years, while the second (bitter orange) two-three years. Question: will they ever bloom? Thanks for the reply.

Citrus graft: Answer: the citrus fruit obtained from seed


Dear Lucio,
the citrus fruits that we cultivate are all (and I repeat all) hybrid varieties, grafted on rootstocks obtained from seed, or of particular varieties of citrus, very resistant or even on varieties of poncirus, to ensure that the plant obtained is vigorous, luxuriant, and quite resistant to drought and cold. When we take a seed from a citrus fruit, we take a seed that has a very varied genetic heritage, whose ancestors were hybridized already centuries ago, and therefore we will never know what kind of plant will be originated. Most of the citrus fruits obtained from seed tend not to bloom, and therefore not to bear fruit; and if they do so they usually produce fruit that is completely useless. Therefore in practice all the citrus fruits that we consume on our tables come from grafted plants: we take a healthy and vigorous citrus, born from seed, and it is grafted on the citrus of the desired variety. This is the only way to get flowers and fruits. So if you want your seed citrus to produce edible, sweet and fragrant flowers and fruits, you should practice grafting.
Citrus fruits are grafted in late spring, when the plants are in full vegetation, and we can clearly see the swollen buds; the method used is that of the crown or split graft; proceed by cutting the entire crown of the rootstock, making a clean cut at the apex of the trunk, so as to obtain a flat surface, parallel to the ground; in this surface a split is practiced, or more often two slits, perpendicular to the ground, arranged like a cross. At the apexes of the two slits the desired citrus scions are inserted. The scions are branches of about 10-15 centimeters, vigorous and healthy, which contain about half an internode, to which the leaves are cut and with the lower part cut to form a sort of wedge. The scions are inserted until the wood mates with that of the rootstock, up to the bark. The gap is filled with earth or paper, the stem is tied with raffia and all live wood is covered with pruning mastic, and it is hoped that the grafting will be successful. If you want further clarification on how to practice splitting, or crown, on the net you will find many different videos, which will clarify your ideas better. Don't be scared, it seems a difficult practice, but it is not so impossible; clear that, the help of an experienced person definitely helps.