Apple tree

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Question: apple tree

I have an apple tree of 6 years in appearance very healthy because it has many leaves, but of apples in 6 years I have seen a dozen of this year even did not make even a flower. Thanks

Answer: apple tree

Dear Orio,
for trees and plants in general the production of fruits and flowers is certainly an event for which they require great amounts of effort and effort; for this reason it may happen that plants that are not properly cultivated tend to produce few flowers or few fruits. Generally the problems can be simply related to the age of the plant, even if the apple trees of 6-7 years do not usually have problems to fructify, let alone bloom. Other problems can be given by the soil, excessively compact, free of mineral salts, very wet or very dry. Long-standing fruit plants, which have already developed a good root system, tend to be satisfied with the water supplied by the weather; but young saplings, or placed in a place that is not completely suitable, prefer some spring and summer irrigation, especially if they are planted in areas with high temperatures, very sunny or in case of prolonged drought.
Another reason could be the low amount of mineral salts in the soil, associated with a lack of fertilization on your part; if this is your case, in the nursery you can find a comfortable slow release granular fertilizer, specific for pome fruits, to be supplied to your tree in late winter and late summer.
In general fruit trees (practically all) are planted in sunny areas, so that they receive at least a few hours of direct sunlight every day; an excessively shady position causes the lack of flowers, and therefore also of the fruits.
In addition to this, there are dozens of apple varieties on the market, each of which has particular characteristics, which are generally linked to different areas of the Italian territory, for example, Golden apples are cultivated very well in Trentino Alto Adige, decidedly less success, always with Golden apples, in Sicily; this is because every single variety is particularly suited to one climate rather than another.
It could also be excessive autumn or winter pruning, which removes an excessive amount of wood, and future buds, and with them the flowers.